Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disease which causes the skin to get itchy and red covering it with thick whitish-grey scales. Psoriasis can be on any part of the skin and is usually seen on scalp, elbows and knees. It may also spread in the palms, torso, legs, nails and soles. It is not something that spreads and touching someone with psoriasis doesn’t mean you are going to get it too.
When someone has psoriasis their skin tends to multiply ten times faster than the others. As the cells surface the skin they die and their large numbers is what causes bumpy red plaques that are covered with scales.
While psoriasis does happen because of genetics there are other factors that may trigger this disease which could be – sunburns, smoking, an infection, obesity, stress, drinking too much and streptococcal sore throat. There are certain medicines also that can flare up psoriasis.
Here are Some Symptoms That People Affected With Psoriasis Show:
- People suffering with this disease have certain areas of skin that raised, red and covered in loose whitish scales. These scales are itchy and often painful. The area of the skin is completely dry and also gets cracks which bleed. For some who are suffering with severe psoriasis will have larger areas of this plaque skin.
- Toenails and fingernails will display small pits or big yellow split-ups of nail from the nail bed. The nails will crumble and fall. This is known as distal onycholysis.
- The scalp may show signs of severe dandruff that would have red patchy areas filled with dry flakes.
- Psoriasis will also be seen with flat red plaques with lesser scales in moist sreas such as under the breasts, area between buttocks or inner thighs and even on the head of penis or on the groin.
- In a form of psoriasis known as Erythrodermic psoriasis the patient’s skin will be covered extensively with red skin and they would feel cold.
- If a patient has pustular psoriasis then there would be several small bumps on the torso filled with pus. Patients suffering would also have fever.
How to Prevent Psoriasis From Spreading
- Cuts and sunburns can easily trigger psoriasis – Koeber phenomenon is a phase when the skin experiences trauma which could cause red patches to develop in areas where you don’t usually experience psoriasis. Always use a sunscreen and beware while using sharp things to avoid cuts on your skin. People who have psoriasis should also track whether they experience flare-ups after vaccination.
- Always get a sound sleep of eight hours. The body repairs itself while sleeping. It strengthens your immune system and helps in keeping several diseases at bay such as obesity, stress etc.
- A healthy diet helps in reducing the flare-ups. People who add vegetables, fish oil, omega 3 fatty acids to their diet had reduced flare-ups of psoriasis. Reducing or cutting down on gluten, tomatoes and eggplants help in keeping disease from spreading.
- Stress cannot be avoided because there are many reasons that lead to stress and not only work. It could be an accident, financial problems or loss of someone close and then there is work. Stress is one of the leading factors of psoriasis and you need to manage stress. Meditation, physical activities a small break from daily routine etc. will help you deal with stress.
- Give up smoking and alcohol as they will make your psoriasis worst. If you cannot give it up entirely try to limit yourself. Undergo a program that will help you in giving it up.
There may not be a complete cure for psoriasis but it can be managed and controlled if you follow a healthy lifestyle and take care of your skin.